There’s an intriguing new piece by William Dowell on the role of the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, as an example of an emerging trend: outsourcing conflict management & resolution. See: http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/ngos/090602/conducting-peace-negotiations; or http://essentialgeneva.com/Outsourcing-Conflict-Resolution.html.
A brief quote to give you an idea:
“Griffith’s experience in the UN had taught him that the UN was often blocked by politics from taking an action or voicing an analysis that a private NGO, which has no political obligations, can do easily. In other words, what was needed was a cut-out that the UN and other players could turn to in order to free themselves from restraints imposed by their own constituencies. That became obvious in trying to resolve the decades old conflict over Aceh. Exxon, an American company, was drilling for oil off the coast of Aceh, which made the US an interested party in the conflict. GAM, the separatist movement, demanded that the UN mediate. The Indonesian government in Jakarta adamantly refused. The Centre stepped in as a compromise option.”
This may be an interesting option for this region given the highly guarded approach all ASEAN and SAARC nations take to the prospect of intervention by others in their internal affairs, particularly if conflict issues are not so far removed from those of governance and corruption.